March 8th: Promoting Women In Science

When thinking about science, up until now it has been predominantly ruled by men: nevertheless, women have greatly contributed to scientific discoveries and advancements in many science fields from the earliest times. Known women scientists are responsible for literally changing the paths of science in fields like biology, medicine, chemistry, astronomy, matemathics and research.

Marie Curie won the Nobel Prize in 1911 for discovering Radium

Marie Curie won the Nobel Prize in 1911 for discovering Radium

For example, Trotula of Salerno is considered to be the first gynecologist ever to have existed and she dates back to the 11th century. What about Marie Curie? A pioneer in the field of radioactivity and the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in 1903 and 1911. Or even Hypatia, a mathematician and astronomer who made her way in Ancient Rome and Egypt by inventing several scientific instruments, however, not to completely defeat the idea that men ruled the world in every aspect of it, Hypatia was murdered and her writings destroyed because of her advanced teachings.

Hypatia of Alexandria, ca. AD 350–370–March 415), murdered for her advanced teachings

Hypatia of Alexandria, ca. AD 350–370–March 415), murdered for her advanced teachings

The list of women active in science since ancient times goes on and on, but on this day it is not about listing all these prominent historical figures as much as pointing out that women have been core to science for centuries. On the contrary, the problem lies in their recognition and lack of popularization unlike their fellow scientists men.

 However, the role of women in society has changed. So has the number of women encouraged to follow their scientific vocation and prove their worth by getting recognised and promoted for their highly  valuable achievements.

 In fact, since 1966, the number of women graduating in science and engineering in the US has been increasing exponentially. In 2001, the number of women graduating in the aforementioned fields reached 41%. In the UK; in 2004, women were enrolled in over half the places in science higher education courses. Also, according to the latest research there are far more women participating to educational programs in forensic science than men, a total of 78% (sources). Other high participation fields for women in science are:

High participation of women in scientific fields

If these number point towards an amazing rise of  pink-coloured graduates, employees and academia in science, the declaration of truce between women and men in science is yet to come. Just look at the tables below to see that men still rule and earn more in science to some degree:

Scientists and engineers in science by gender

% of women in academia 2011

salaries of women in science compared to men

Salaries of women in science compared to men

A renowned researcher and InTech’s author, Dr. Ewa Kleczyk – head of the advanced analytics team at a pharmaceutical market research firm and member of the American Women Business Association, has been actively involved in promoting women in science for years now. When asked what is her perception of women in science today, Ewa stated the following to us, ” Women play a significant role in all areas in today’s world, including business, politics, academics, and sciences. It is very encouraging for many young women to know that they can be whoever they would like to be in their professional lives, as long as they work hard and are committed to their goals.

 However, I think, we, the professional women, should continue mentoring and encouraging girls and young women to study mathematics, sciences, and economics, as the work is not done yet. In today’s world being a super model, reality star, and actress seems more interesting and appealing to many young women, due to greater public exposure and high financial rewards.

 I think creating sponsorship/mentorship programs at educational institutions could help to promote women in sciences and business. In addition, the financial support many women receive to pursue education in these areas should continue to be distributed. The more support women get, the more likely they to follow their dreams, and become part of the scientific, political, and business cultures.”

Finally, the author of this post, even if female, had not in mind to profess and promote feminist actions in science as much as raise awareness on the current state of gender division within the scientific community, much of it certainly related to difficulties in accessing higher education due to economical disadvantages, or in consequence of less attention given to certain scientific fields traditionally ruled by women. However, the future seems to be getting quite rosy, and so is science.

Women in science

Is science getting female?

Sources:

Houck, M.M. “Is forensic science a gateway for women in science?” Forensic Science Policy and Management, 1:65-69, 2009

http://www.catalyst.org/publication/209/women-in-the-sciences

About Ana Nodilo

pr online manager at InTech
This entry was posted in InTech, Interview, Open Access, Popular Science, This Week in Science and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to March 8th: Promoting Women In Science

  1. The woman is able to compete with the man in most of the activities either intellectual or moral and even physical aspects. However, In most Arab and Islamic countries the woman is still in retrograding position as compared to man. The social and economical conditions are the main reasons for keeping the woman in these regions at a low grade of development. The major factor for the development of the women in these countries is the the promotion of woman education and the abolition of old and archaic traditions that avoid the woman to develop her capacity and to promote her education.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s